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Europan 15: Productive Cities 2


City: Raufoss
Title: Hydraulic Civilisation

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The proposal here uses river as a ‘dynamic catalyst’ in order to harness the energy in the town of Raufoss. The hydraulic civilisation is a program oriented strategy with three phases of development that focuses to develop a connected socio-cultural neighbourhood that shares resources by co-living and co-working.

As seen the river is quite a barrier between the industrial park and city centre. This constraint has been picked and transformed into a opportunity. The river flowing from south to north through the site is very dynamic landscape element in the environment; currently neglected as well. Historically, River Hunnselva has been used in harnessing the energy for industries since 19th century. Raufoss would not have the leading industry it has today without the river which made it possible to produce electricity to operate the emergent factories. Currently, energy from hydrology network is being used for cooling in the industrial park.

The river flowing freely centuries ago was intervened by a dam which artificially modelled its flow into the town. The upstream of the river was halted to form a static hydraulic element while the downstream side along the site became a dynamic segment filled with kinetic energy. This ‘mild to wild’ hydraulic transformation establishes a energy share between industries on the west bank and the city on the east. The proposal here reflects and celebrates this hydraulic energy throughout the development of the site linking the park and city.

Grided Synergies: The existing urban fabric of the town formed by the intersection of axises from industries, the city and the public landmarks like library and town centre creates a vital matrix when intervened with the curved hydrological network. This new matrix of ‘hyrdo-urban’ lays the framework for prospective living, working and socialising environments in the city. Concept Hunnselva before intervention Dam as a intervention Mild to Wild Dynamic Static Concept of Energy Share between the park and the city Energy as Recreation Energy as Manufacturing Proposed: River as a Activator Points of Interaction: not all will be activated at once but will be recognised into the city.

The neglected river is now activated by drawing people close to river banks which links ‘nature and culture’. This is done by making the river banks accessible to public at points of interaction and connecting to the existing grid of urban fabric of the Raufoss town. In long term planning this grid may be extended towards east that acknowledges the wider area in context connecting river to the stream on east through a dense urban fabric.

The disconnected walkway on the downstream of the dam and newly layed path on the upstream of the river could be potentially connected using river bed as a base. The excessive parking on the site is tackled by proposing to get rid of all the parking areas including northern lot and parking garage but not the one in front of the mall overlooking Storgata Road. The large concrete base at northern parking lot and two storey structure of parking garage at the south of the mall is retained for wider public function later which allows sustainable use of existing resources. The functions in the buildings along main street are retained and improved as restaurants, takeaways and shops to achieve active frontages. Along with these Brubakken building is proposed with high class restaurant or group of cafes in the ground floor with integrative glass frontages which creates a focal corner to the site. The corner building opposite to Brubakken on main street is proposed for a new structure which creates a active leading point to the site rather than existing derelict look with dead ground space.