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Trondheim

Nyhavna, a gigantic harbour area built on a landfill, an artificial landscape of warehouses, World War II heritage, toxic waste, boats, beer and independent culture. The area is large, complex and occasionally filled with conflict. The local politicians and developers have been waiting to develop it for decades as it sits next to “Midtbyen” the city’s urban core. But lacking alternative harbour areas and long term leases have kept the area “off limit”.

Now, finally a master plan has been presented by the municipality, drawing up the map of change for the future. Two partly overlapping zones constitute the plan: to the south a zone for knowledge intensive work places, to the north a residential zone surrounding a harbour basin. In the latter, you find a sliver of land between the water and the city’s brewery, next to the landmark Dora bunker: Strandveikaia. The area is pinpointed as the first step in the greater harbour development. This is the Europan 13 site in Trondheim.

Europan competitors were asked to present a vision for Strandveikaia working on two levels; firstly, an overall idea for the site and how it works in the greater Nyhavna plan as well as in relationship to the city centre and eastwards urban development. Secondly the competitors were asked to develop an area plan for Strandveikaia including five dimensions; new programming, housing, heritage, public space and process.

Location: Nyhavna, Trondheim, Norway

Population: 180,000

Strategic Site: 41,9 ha Project Site: 6 ha

Commission after competition: Planning and building commission

Site proposed by: Trondheim Port Authority (in collaboration with Trondheim Municipality)

Clients and partners in Trondheim: Wollert Krohn-Hansen, Siri Merethe Rønning and Anita Veie from Trondheim Port Authority. Per Arne Tefre, Mette More, Nadja Sahbegovic and Maria Meland Christensen from the municipality of Trondheim.

Ørsta

Ørsta is facing a historical possibility to rethink its urban centre when the municipal plan from the 80’s is being reassessed. The old plan suggested routing E39 along the coast of Ørsta, seizing valuable land and paralyzing development in the centre of the town for over 20 years. Now the municipality of Ørsta and the county of Møre and Romsdal have joined forces in the quest of rediscovering and revitalizing the centre of Ørsta and strengthening its position in the region of Søre Sunnmøre.

Ørsta lies at the end of Ørstafjorden surrounded by the beautiful Sunnmøre Alps. Though encompassed in beauty, the level of activity in the centre of Ørsta is low and concentrated around the shopping malls. Shops are closing down and a lack of maintenance is beginning to show on the built environment. In the void after the planned regional road from the 80’s lies a possibility to rediscover the waterfront as well as revitalizing urban life in the centre of Ørsta through developing the open lots.

New regional road connections, Eiksundsambandet and Kvivsvegen, has allowed for a greater synergy between the populated areas in the polycentric region of Søre Sunnmøre. The roads have decreased both distance and time spent travelling, making everyday life easier for its inhabitants and changing the dynamic of the region. Being in the hinterlands of the more prosperous maritime clusters of Ulsteinvik and Fosnavåg, Ørsta, needs to reassess its strengths and weaknesses and define a new strategy for its role in the region.

Ørsta municipality and Møre and Romsdal county have joined forces in order to speed up the process of rewriting the story of Ørsta using Europan 13 as a tool for rediscovering the urban centre. The two parties asked the competitors to make a vision including a physical plan, programming and strategy for realization.

Location: Ørsta, Møre og Romsdal, Norway

Population: 10,500

Strategic Site: 99 ha Project Site: 13,5 ha

Commission after competition: Planning commission

Site proposed by: Ørsta Municipality (in collaboration with Møre og Romsdal county)

Clients and partners in Ørsta: Gro Anita Bårdseth, Gunnar Wangen and Matias Kårstad from the municipality of Ørsta. Arne Dag Gjærde, Ingvild Gjerdset, Ingerd Husøy Høknes and Trond Myrland from Møre and Romsdal County.

Bergen

The Europan 13 site in Bergen has a unique location on the south side of Lungegårdsvannet by the Møllendal River outlet. Located just outside the historic city centre, the site has a long history as an industrial area, including milling back to the Middle Ages, and storage for the city’s technical department in recent times. Much of the Møllendal area has for decades been inaccessible and unsuited for public use. Now, however, a transformation is on its way.

Bergen municipality wants to explore new ways of urban living through developing a pilot project for housing at Grønneviksøren. The region of Bergen is growing fast and densification around existing centres is happening rapidly. Plans for introducing new urban development in the district of Møllendal are already being implemented with the newly finished student housing, a promenade park leading to the city centre, the new art academy by Snøhetta scheduled to be finished by 2017 and a future stop for the light rail. The Europan site represents one of the last possibilities for developing publicly owned land this close to the city core.

Sharing is the governing theme when developing Grønneviksøren. The Europan competitors was invited to explore to the fullest what positive effects sharing can have when developing housing, a kindergarten, commercial spaces, public spaces and infrastructure. What does the new “sharing-architecture” look like when Bergen is developing housing, and inviting families of all kinds and stages in life to live in an urban environment?

The site is also an important piece in the city’s initiative to develop the shore along Store Lungegårdsvann into a continuous promenade connecting the project site to the city of Bergen. Located next to the river mouth the site called for exploring transitions between land and water with activities for all ages throughout the year.

Location: Grønneviksøren, Bergen, Norway

Population: Bergen: 268,000 City centre: 40,000

Strategic Site: 64 ha Project Site: 7,7 ha

Commission after competition: Building commission

Site proposed by: Bergen Municipality (in collaboration with Hordaland County)

Clients and partners in Bergen: Mette Svanes, Kristin Frellumstad Eitrheim, Isabel Melo, Arne Matthiessen, Knut Andreas Knutsen, Gyda Strømmen, Christine Hvidsten, Geir Haveraaen and Elisabeth Totland from the municipality of Bergen. Sigrid Næsheim Bjercke and Anne Katrine Vabø from Hordaland County

Os

Os is known in Norway as a different thinking municipality. Something of a maverick in the world of municipalities, one could say. It has for the last couple of decades challenged and reinterpreted what it means to offer public services, run local politics and perform urban planning. Now, the municipality, located some 50 minutes by bus south of Bergen, faces some fundamental changes that force the community to rethink the role of its urban centre. The change is driven by an unprecedented regional growth, new infrastructure that brings Os closer to the world as well as its new role as regional centre. These factors are anticipated to lead to doubling of the Os population within 25 years.

The municipality of Os wanted to engage young, international architects and landscape architects to help explore the urban ramifications of this OsX2 scenario through Europan 13. A prime location in Osøyro, the centre of Os, is at disposal with the aim of manifesting a new urban strategy in the municipality. Europan participants was asked to develop a plan, containing both a physical design as well as ideas for new content that bridges Os from being a village into becoming a town.

The site has the potential for working as a connecting element in the fragmented centre Osøyro, divided by natural elements, such as the river and substantial height differences, and manmade barriers such as infrastructure and roads. The site can become a mediator between the old and new, water and land, locals and visitors. The site must act as an urban energizer that position Osøyro as the undisputed centre of Os for the future.

The municipality wants the site to be a showcase for both Os and Europan as well as to create added value for the centre, municipality and region.

Location: Osøyro, Os, Norway

Population: 19,000

Strategic Site: 90 ha Project Site: 4,5 ha

Commission after competition: Planning and building commission

Site proposed by: Os Municipality (in collaboration with Hordaland County)

Clients and partners in Os: Aina Tjosås, Henning Wenaas Ribe, Fredrik Seliussen and Terje Søviknes from the municipality of Os. Anne Katrine Vabø from Hordaland County.

Stavanger

In the heart of the Norwegian petroleum industry, and at the intersection between the municipalities of Stavanger, Sola and Sandnes, lies Forus; Norway’s oil and gas capital and one of the strongest energy clusters in the world. Home to over 3000 companies, mostly from the global energy sector, Forus is the most international place in Norway.

Fuelled by the postmillennial expansions of the fossil fuel industry, Forus has been subject to immense growth and is now representing 1/5 of the total Norwegian gross domestic product. This growth, however, has been based on an industry that is facing highly uncertain prospects. The region must therefore prepare for a less oil and gas dependent future and use its knowledge and knowhow as its main commodity.

Stavanger municipality owns a site at the very epicentre of the new developments at Forus and is currently collaborating with its neighbouring municipalities, Sola and Sandnes, on a common municipal plan including a new, public transportation axis across Jæren. With the Europan competition, Stavanger wanted ideas for how to use this strategic site, as well as the planned, new axis, to pilot a new prototype for urban development in the area. The new east- west connection across Jæren can give way for a less car-based mobility in the region and possibilities for an increased mix of functions and new urban qualities along its public transportation lines.

The project site, given its strategic location, should in this respect serve as a case study for how to pilot the new urban developments and thus introduce a new narrative for the region. The task at Forus involved working in different scales and with a diverse set of mechanisms blending urban planning, programming, operative and recreational landscapes, infrastructure and communication.

Location: Forus, Stavanger, Norway

Population: 130,000

Strategic Site: 102 ha Project Site: 4,5 ha

Commission after competition: Planning and building commission

Site proposed by: Stavanger Municipality (in collaboration with Forus Næringspark)

Clients and partners in Stavanger: Grete Kvinnesland, Fieke Verschueren, Anne Skare, Ingrid Lerang Fossåskaret, Marit Sletteberg Storli and Ottar Vedelden from the municipality of Stavanger. Ståle Undheim and Eli Aarskog Monsen from the municipality of Sola. Ole Tonning from the municipality of Sandnes, Stein Racin Grødem from Forus Næringspark and Tom Gyran from Rogaland County.